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Getting started with Sabayon

Posted: Mon Sep 18, 2017 22:49
by Onbayas
It looks like I've successfully installed this distro but I'm a bit time poor at the moment and haven't had a chance to read up on manuals, plus at the moment, I'm still mainly using Windows.

So, I would consider reinstalling Sabayon in case I could do better manually partitioning my drive (so long as I had instruction on this) or something else.

Question 1: Can you/how do you go about installing apps from the command line? E.g. I don't want to use Google products like Chrome. So, help installing and running Tor from the command line would be good. There's no "store" to find other stuff? I'd want to install other browsers, like Firefox and Epic too.

Question 2: If I upgrade or switch distros, how do I preserve my documents, apps etc? I've encrypted my drive during the installation process.

Question 3: What are some essentials to install or tweak what you currently have? E.g. I've heard that PF Sense is a very good firewall but not beginner friendly. Is the default firewall adequate/have solid default settings? Maybe I should install an anti-virus app to handle the firewall function? Is there a good one for Linux?

Question 4: How do you verify what you've installed? Since I downloaded the ISO using Windows, would it have been possible to verify it from within Windows? What's the process for verifying from both OSs?

Anything else I should be doing right after installing Sabayon?

Re: Getting started with Sabayon

Posted: Tue Sep 19, 2017 13:17
by johnnystuff
Generally speaking, when you decide to install a specific linux distibution, you should always read the related wiki, and the FAQ in there. It'll help you understand how the distro works, and if it's what you're looking for. In particular, the way it manages the packages, or the package tree if you like. In Sabayon this is handled by Entropy. Make that page your browser's home for the fisrt days at least. To test things out, it's also a good idea to get accustomed with the command line.

Re: Getting started with Sabayon

Posted: Tue Sep 19, 2017 13:33
by johnnystuff
That being said, in order to install any linux distribution, and assuming you have a UEFI motherboard, you need to partition the hard drive/SSD using a gpt partition scheme, which means you have to use gdisk or gparted, and create at least 2 mandatory partitions (plus the windows one if you want of course):

/dev/sda1 - a small partition 200-300 Mb is plenty. This will be shared among windows and any linux distro you're gonna install. Make it fat32, format it once and NEVER EVER FORMAT IT AGAIN. Partition code will be EF00. This one MUST be mounted in /boot/efi during the installation process.
/dev/sdaX - your / or "root", it's where the linux distro will go. Make it ext4, code is 8300 in gdisk, and 20Gb at least.
/dev/sdaY - your /home. This one is optional but strongly suggested in order to share your documents with other distro and not having to move your files around should you ever reinstall or change distribution. Code is still 8300, make it ext4 and 50Gb at least, but the size of this one is quite personal.
/dev/sdaZ - windows partition. Make it 100Gb and code is 0700, like any other ntfs partitions, so that you'll be able to format it from windows.

I used X Y and Z because they don't have to be in a specific order, you can put the win partition first, the home second and your root last, and add any other one you like, for example in order to install multiple linux distro at once. But the EFI partition MUST be first. By the way, on a SSD I don't use a swap partition. I know others do, so look around and see if you need or want one.

Re: Getting started with Sabayon

Posted: Tue Sep 26, 2017 19:27
by svantoviit
Onbayas wrote:Question 1: Can you/how do you go about installing apps from the command line?
To get the idea:

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$ equo --help
$ man equo
$ man equo-install
To install firefox:

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# equo install --ask firefox
The hash sign at the beginning of the line means you run the command as root/privileged user.
Onbayas wrote:Question 2: If I upgrade or switch distros, how do I preserve my documents, apps etc?
You can not preserve your apps, but you can keep your preferences and documents. Suppose they are stored in your $HOME directory. Just preserve it.
Onbayas wrote:I've encrypted my drive during the installation process.
The question is how you have encrypted your drive.
Onbayas wrote:Question 3: What are some essentials to install or tweak what you currently have? E.g. I've heard that PF Sense is a very good firewall but not beginner friendly. Is the default firewall adequate/have solid default settings? Maybe I should install an anti-virus app to handle the firewall function? Is there a good one for Linux?
PFSense is a specialized distribution. You should be fine with iptables and ufw which is default in Sabayon. At least it was.
As for antivirus you can give clamav a try, in addition you can install clamav-unofficial-sigs. But an antivirus is not a firewall, they have different functions.
Onbayas wrote:Question 4: How do you verify what you've installed? Since I downloaded the ISO using Windows, would it have been possible to verify it from within Windows? What's the process for verifying from both OSs?
You should be able to verify the MD5 checksums in Windows as well. I can just say a search engine is your friend.
In Linux it's easy, download the iso and the md5 files to the same directory, then just verify the integrity using md5sum like this:

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$ md5sum -c Sabayon_Linux_DAILY_x86_ForensicsXfce.iso.md5
Sabayon_Linux_DAILY_x86_ForensicsXfce.iso: OK
You should get an OK answer, if not do not use the iso file.
Onbayas wrote:Anything else I should be doing right after installing Sabayon?
I know this is not the RTFM section, but anyway, read Fresh Install - What to do? and handle accordingly.